TRATADOS DE PAZ

El Tratado de Ancón

Este tratado se firmó entre Chile y Perú en 1883, y uno de sus aspectos más importantes fue la entrega definitiva a Chile, por parte de Perú, de la provincia de Tarapacá, comprendida entre la quebrada de Camarones y el río Loa. Los territorios de Tacna y Arica quedaban bajo la tutela de Chile durante diez años. Luego de este período, un plebiscito decidiría su nacionalidad definitiva. La nación que se quedara con ellos entregaría a la otra una compensación de un millón de pesos de la época.

La paz con Bolivia

Por su parte, Bolivia se negó a firmar un tratado de paz, por lo que solo suscribió un pacto de tregua, que se formalizó en Valparaíso el 4 de abril de 1884. En este se estableció una tregua indefinida y que el territorio comprendido entre el río Loa y el paralelo 23 de latitud sur quedaría sometido a las leyes chilenas. Paralelamente, se acordó el restablecimiento de las relaciones comerciales entre ambos países, otorgando Chile una serie de franquicias para el comercio boliviano en los puertos de Arica y Antofagasta.

Tratado de 1904

Este nuevo acuerdo se firmó entre Chile y Bolivia para establecer definitivamente las fronteras entre ambos países. Bolivia entregó a Chile la provincia de Antofagasta, a cambio de la cual Chile construyó un ferrocarril entre Arica y La Paz, uniendo ambas ciudades. Por otro lado, Chile concedió a Bolivia -en forma definitiva- el libre tránsito de sus mercaderías por territorio chileno desde y hacia el altiplano.

Tratado de Lima

De acuerdo al Tratado de Ancón, debía realizarse un plebiscito que definiera qué país se quedaría con los territorios de Tacna y Arica. Sin embargo, pasados los diez años estipulados, nunca se realizó. Es así, como se decidió someter el asunto al arbitraje de Estados Unidos, lo que tampoco dio resultado. Finalmente, se acordó firmar un tratado en 1929, estableciendo que Tacna quedaba bajo soberanía peruana y Arica bajo la tutela de Chile. La línea divisoria que constituiría la frontera entre Perú y Chile se denominó Línea de la Concordia, trazando un límite a diez kilómetros al norte del puente del río Lluta y paralela a la línea del ferrocarril que une Arica y La Paz. Además, Chile pagó a Perú seis millones de dólares como compensación.

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Esperemos que la situación limitrofes se desarrolle de la manera las justa y equitativa. A mi forma de ver, los limites fronterisos deberian volver, como estaban antes de la guerra, Bolivia con su salida al mar y Perú con Arica. Todo el mundo sabe que fue una guerra injusta en beneficio de unos cuantos ricos.

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una pregunta que me pusieron el el colegio y por ningun lado lo jallooo quisiera encontrarlo quien me lo puede decir pliss

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Soy una admiradora de la Guerra del Pacifico.

Pero no me explico por que, Los Judios del Haya tienen que meter las narices en una guerra quefue ganada en buena Lid y en los años 1879, Si ellos existen despues de la segunda guerra mundial. Y ademas Bolivia firmo un tratado en en 1904. 

A los del HAYA no les corresponde tomar decisiones, Limitrofes ni menos en algo que sucedio hace mas de 100 años Pueden estar muy bien informados pero no vivieron ni vieron la actitud cobarde de Bolivia frente a una guerra que ellos provocaron. 

Apostaria que si nos vamos a una guerra por el mar los Bolivianos se quedarian tranquilitos y los del HAYA. se lavarian las manos,,, y no le quedarian ganas de exigir mar ,,,,,EL MAR ES CHILENO que les de PERU ,,,y formen nuevamente la Confederacion Peru-Boliviana.......

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